Many eye and vision conditions exhibit no obvious symptoms so individuals are often unaware of a problem. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders such as cataracts, glaucoma and macular degeneration are important for maintaining good vision and preventing permanent vision loss; this is why eye exams are important and should not be ignored. Complete eye exams consist of a series of tests designed to evaluate your vision and check for eye diseases.
Who Needs Eye Exams?
If you have been diagnosed with a vision or eye health condition, you should be receiving annual eye exams. For everyone else, the following general guidelines apply:
- Ages five and younger should have their vision checked each time they visit their pediatrician
- School-aged children and adolescents should have their vision checked prior to entering first grade and every two years thereafter
- Adults should have at least one eye exam between the ages of 20 and 29, two exams between ages 30 and 39, one exam every four years from ages 40 to 65 and one exam every one or two years after age 65.
Who Performs Eye Exams?
- Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who provide full-service eye care, which includes eye exams, corrective vision prescriptions, and diagnosis and treatment of complex eye diseases and surgeries.
- Optometrists are specialists who perform many of the same services as ophthalmologists, including vision corrective vision prescription, and diagnosis and treatment of selective eye disorders. For more serious or complex problems, such as those requiring surgery, an optometrist will refer you to an ophthalmologist.
- Opticians are specialists who fill prescriptions for eye glasses and contact lenses. They will also assemble and fit them for you.
The majority of employers offer vision insurance to help pay for the cost of routine exams and other eye-related expenses. Encourage your employees to understand and utilize their health benefits by implementing a wellness program. If you’re interested in learning more about how your company can benefit from a wellness program, contact an AssuredPartners NL Director of Health and Productivity.
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