Electronic Logging Device Logging is Around the Corner
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) is requiring Electronic Logging Device (ELD) compliance beginning December 18, 2017. As the deadline approaches, drivers and fleet managers are seeking clarification on whether or not the new law applies to their operations and, if so, how to transition to the new technology.
The FMCSA notes that most carriers and drivers currently logging hours of service (HOS) to meet records of duty status (RODS) regulations are affected, with some exceptions. This can be misleading because there are many operators who may not realize they are required to keep logs. The first order of business is to evaluate their vehicle classifications and usage to determine whether or not they should be implementing the technology and procedures required to meet all regulations.
Who Needs To Comply?
The law applies to all interstate Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMVs) that are required to maintain logs. In addition to trucking and busing, this can include fleets with box trucks, passenger vans, and even some heavy-duty pickups.
Commercial Motor Vehicles Are Used On A Highway In Interstate Commerce To Transport Passengers Or Property And Have The Following Specs And Usage:
- A gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight greater than 10,000 pounds.
- Designed or used to transport more than 8 passengers (driver included) for compensation.
- Transports material deemed hazardous in a quantity requiring placarding.
There Is A Short-Haul CMV Exemption. To Qualify For That Exemption You Must:
- Operate within a 100-mile radius of your home base if you are driving with a commercial driver’s license, or within 150 air miles for non-CDL drivers (Applicable only within the state lines).
- Start and return to the same location within 12 hours of duty time.
- Drive no more than 11 hours and have 10-hour breaks between shifts.
- And use a time clock.
You Must Implement ELD’s By December 16, 2019 If: You Are Currently Using Abord’s
- Drivers who use the timecard exception and do not keep RODS.
- Drivers who use paper logs 8 days or less in a 30-day period. (This is a consecutive 30-day period, not a calendar month.)
- Driveaway-towaway operations in which the vehicle being driven is also the commodity being delivered.
- Vehicles older than model year 2000 because they will not have the electronic control module needed for ELD integration.
Are We Already Compliant If We Use Monitoring?
Only those operators that have already integrated federally approved and registered ELDs and trained drivers and administrators to use them are already complying.
ELDs Must Be Able To:
- Integrally synchronize with the commercial motor vehicle’s engine to capture engine power status, vehicle motion, miles driven and engine hours (GPS- derived data is not allowed as a substitute).
- Automatically record date, time, location information, engine hours, and vehicle miles in addition to identification information for the driver, vehicle, and motor carrier.
- Be able to provide data to an authorized safety office on demand during roadside inspections by either a telematics transfer via wireless web services and email or a local transfer via USB2.0 and Bluetooth.
- Be manufacturer certified as compliant and registered on the FMCSA’s website
WHAT STEPS SHOULD WE TAKE NOW?
Motor Carriers And Drivers Should:
- Determine if they fall under CMV regulations.
- Select a certified ELD provider that delivers the best solution for your fleet operations and can implement before the deadline so you have time for training.
- Allocate the funding needed to purchase and install ELDs
- Develop and implement procedures that incorporate the ELD rule into day-to- day operations.
- Prepare a training schedule for drivers and support staff.
The ELD mandate was established to make it easier to keep logs and inform drivers and carriers so they can better manage fatigue. Increased safety leads to fewer accidents, which saves lives in addition to reducing costs. ELDs will also streamline logging procedures, cut down on paperwork and facilitate quicker roadside inspections.
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